A new peer reviewed journal focused on research and applications for the health AI community
Khaled El Emam, PhD, Canada Research Chair in Medical AI, University of Ottawa; Senior Scientist, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute: Professor, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa Bradley Malin, PhD, Accenture Professor of Biomedical Informatics, Biostatistics, and Computer Science; Vice Chair for Research Affairs, Department of Biomedical Informatics: Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biomedical Ethics & Society, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee
Khaled El Emam, PhD, Canada Research Chair in Medical AI, University of Ottawa; Senior Scientist, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute: Professor, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa
Bradley Malin, PhD, Accenture Professor of Biomedical Informatics, Biostatistics, and Computer Science; Vice Chair for Research Affairs, Department of Biomedical Informatics: Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biomedical Ethics & Society, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee
JMIR AI is a new journal that focuses on the applications of AI in health settings. This includes contemporary developments as well as historical examples, with an emphasis on sound methodological evaluations of AI techniques and authoritative analyses. It is intended to be the main source of reliable information for health informatics professionals to learn about how AI techniques can be applied and evaluated.
Ground-glass opacities (GGOs) appearing in computed tomography (CT) scans may indicate potential lung malignancy. Proper management of GGOs based on their features can prevent the development of lung cancer. Electronic health records are rich sources of information on GGO nodules and their granular features, but most of the valuable information is embedded in unstructured clinical notes.
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for diabetes combines noninvasive glucose biosensors, continuous monitoring, cloud computing, and analytics to connect and simulate a hospital setting in a person’s home. CGM systems inspired analytics methods to measure glycemic variability (GV), but existing GV analytics methods disregard glucose trends and patterns; hence, they fail to capture entire temporal patterns and do not provide granular insights about glucose fluctuations.
The identification of objective pain biomarkers can contribute to an improved understanding of pain, as well as its prognosis and better management. Hence, it has the potential to improve the quality of life of patients with cancer. Artificial intelligence can aid in the extraction of objective pain biomarkers for patients with cancer with bone metastases (BMs).
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed HIV from a fatal illness to a chronic disease. Given the high rate of treatment interruptions, HIV programs use a range of approaches to support individuals in adhering to ART and in re-engaging those who interrupt treatment. These interventions can often be time-consuming and costly, and thus providing for all may not be sustainable.
Natural language processing (NLP) has become an emerging technology in health care that leverages a large amount of free-text data in electronic health records to improve patient care, support clinical decisions, and facilitate clinical and translational science research. Recently, deep learning has achieved state-of-the-art performance in many clinical NLP tasks. However, training deep learning models often requires large, annotated data sets, which are normally not publicly available and can be time-consuming to build in clinical domains. Working with smaller annotated data sets is typical in clinical NLP; therefore, ensuring that deep learning models perform well is crucial for real-world clinical NLP applications. A widely adopted approach is fine-tuning existing pretrained language models, but these attempts fall short when the training data set contains only a few annotated samples. Few-shot learning (FSL) has recently been investigated to tackle this problem. Siamese neural network (SNN) has been widely used as an FSL approach in computer vision but has not been studied well in NLP. Furthermore, the literature on its applications in clinical domains is scarce.
In health care, diagnosis codes in claims data and electronic health records (EHRs) play an important role in data-driven decision making. Any analysis that uses a patient’s diagnosis codes to predict future outcomes or describe morbidity requires a numerical representation of this diagnosis profile made up of string-based diagnosis codes. These numerical representations are especially important for machine learning models. Most commonly, binary-encoded representations have been used, usually for a subset of diagnoses. In real-world health care applications, several issues arise: patient profiles show high variability even when the underlying diseases are the same, they may have gaps and not contain all available information, and a large number of appropriate diagnoses must be considered.
Major depressive disorder is a common mental disorder affecting 5% of adults worldwide. Early contact with health care services is critical for achieving accurate diagnosis and improving patient outcomes. Key symptoms of major depressive disorder (depression hereafter) such as cognitive distortions are observed in verbal communication, which can also manifest in the structure of written language. Thus, the automatic analysis of text outputs may provide opportunities for early intervention in settings where written communication is rich and regular, such as social media and web-based forums.
Preprints Open for Peer-Review
Open Peer Review Period: